A narrow web or tubular fabric is made from various yarns. There are many kinds of fabrics, which are widely used in various industrial sectors such as clothing, shoe materials, luggage, industry, agriculture, military demand, transportation and so on. In the 1930s, the ribbon was produced by hand workshops, and the raw materials were cotton and twine. After the founding of New China, the raw materials for ribbon gradually developed into nylon, vinylon, polyester, polypropylene, spandex, viscose, etc., forming three major types of processing techniques: weaving, knitting, and knitting. The fabric structure has plain, twill, satin, jacquard, Double layer, multi-layer, tubular and joint organization.
First, weaving (woven)
Warp and weft. After the twisting, the yarn is warped into a bobbin (pan head), the weft yarn is twisted into a tweezers, and the weaving belt is weaved on the loom. In the 1930s, we hand-woven wood weaving machines and iron wood weaving machines. In the early 1960s, the 1511 looms were converted into ribbon machines, which are still widely used. Because the width of the belt is small, the weaving method is different, there are single, double, and dozens, and there are single layers and double layers.
In 1967, the industry-based shuttleless ribbon research group successfully designed and manufactured its own high-speed single-stripless ribbon machine, which realized that the ribbon was not shuttled, and the process was shortened, the floor space was small, and labor productivity was improved. The pioneering work in the history of ribbon.
In the 1970s, due to the promotion of continuous dyeing and ironing machines for belts, the processing of colored belts was developed from the traditional dyeing and weaving process to the first weaving and dyeing, the first weaving and then the weaving, the ironing treatment was continuous, and the ribbon technology entered the mechanization. The ranks of large production. In the early 1980s, the industry introduced Swiss, Italian, Federal German high-speed shuttleless ribbon machines, ironing joint machines, wrapping machines, warping machines, etc., and the ribbon technology entered a new stage of development.
Advances in ribbon technology have led to the upgrading of products. In 1979, the first generation of SD9-9 rubber ingots in China was successfully trial-produced, which made the rubber ingot belt products end up relying on the history of imports. In 1980, SD-81A and B-type rubber ingot belts were developed, which are characterized by softness, lightness, thinness, firmness, small elongation, small impact force and short and flat joints. At the beginning of 1990, the car seat belts for the Santana sedan were successfully trial-produced. After more than two years of research and organization, the product quality reached QC49-92 and TL-VW470 standards.
Second, weaving (ingot weaving)
After the yarn is passed through the winding tube and the weft to form the weft tube, it is inserted into the fixed tooth holder of the knitting machine, and the weft tube is swung and moved along the 8-shaped rail to cross-weave the pulling yarns. Usually, the number of ingots is an even number, the tape is woven into a tubular shape, the number of ingots is an odd number, and the woven tape is a flat sheet. The ingot weaving process began to be applied in the old China. The number of ingots varies from 9 to 100 spindles depending on the equipment. The basic process of weaving is: bleaching and dyeing – weaving – weaving – machine cutting and cutting – packaging. Since 1960, the knitting machine has undergone several technological innovations, mainly including the enlargement of the diameter of the peach plate, the installation of the broken rubber automatic parking device, and the iron ingot changed to a nylon spindle. Improvements in these devices have resulted in a speed increase of 160 to 190 rpm, a doubling of the spectator rate and a significant increase in product quality.
Weaving is not only woven, but also woven. The tubular belt is a kind of braided rope, a rope or rope with a diameter of 1 to 4 cm, a rope having a diameter of more than 4 cm, and a diameter of more than 40 cm is generally called a cable or a cable. In 1989, the industry introduced Japan's eight-strand cable production line equipment, and produced eight-strand cable of polypropylene in the following year. The product won the National Silver Award.
In the 1970s, knitting warp knitting and weft knitting technology have been widely used in ribbon. In 1973, a successful nylon knit band was successfully produced. In 1982, the introduction of the Italian crochet machine, advanced technology, wide variety of production, especially suitable for thin decorative belt fabrics, such as lace, elastic band, window screen, decorative belt and so on. The basic process flow is: bleaching dyeing - winding - weaving - ironing - packaging.
Before the 1970s, the fire hose blank was woven with a flat loom, and the diameter of the tube blank was large and the output was low. In the second half of 1974, the industry organization tube blank weaving research group, according to the principle of knitting, used warp and weft woven, relying on the looped yarn in the looping process, using the cylinder and the sinker loop of the looped yarn, the warp and weft yarns that are not interwoven Linked into a whole, and become a lined weft-woven tubular fabric, the production technology of plastic coated water pipes and high-pressure fire hoses ranks first in the country.
Classification of ribbon
1) According to the material: nylon / Tedron / PP polypropylene / acrylic / cotton / polyester / gold and silver onion / spandex / light wire / rayon, etc.
The distinction between nylon and PP ribbon: Generally, the nylon ribbon is woven and dyed first, so the color of the yarn after splitting will be the color of the white yarn due to uneven dyeing, and the PP ribbon will first dye the yarn and then weave it. There is a phenomenon that the yarn is white; in contrast, the nylon ribbon is more glossy and softer than the PP ribbon; it can also be distinguished by the chemical reaction of burning; the nylon ribbon is generally more expensive than the PP ribbon.
Tedron ribbon is soft and dull
Acrylic ribbon consists of two materials: Tedron and cotton.
The price of cotton ribbon is generally higher.
2) According to the weaving method: plain, twill, satin and miscellaneous. (plain / small ripple / twill / safety ribbon / pit pattern / bead pattern / jacquard and other PP ribbon can be divided into 900D/1200D/1600D according to the thickness of the yarn; at the same time we should pay attention to the thickness of the ribbon, the thickness also determines its unit price and toughness degree.)
3) According to the width specification: 10MM/12MM/15MM/20MM/25MM/30MM/32MM/38MM/50MM.
4) According to the nature of use: clothing-like ribbon, shoe-like ribbon, luggage-like ribbon, security-like ribbon, and other special ribbon.
5) According to the characteristics of the ribbon itself: elastic ribbon and rigid ribbon (non-elastic ribbon).
Well,the Halloween and Christmas are Coming,it’s time to prepare some Halloween decoration ribbon and Christmas decoration ribbon. YMribbon.com offer cheap and high quality ribbons, support wholesale and customization.
Such as Retail and Wholesale Ribbons,Grosgrain Ribbon,Printed Ribbon,Velvet Ribbon,Plaid Ribbon,Gold Yarn,Metallic Yarn,Ribbon Yarn,Craft Ribbon,Festival Ribbon,Double Face Satin Ribbon,Halloween Ribbon,Christmas Ribbon,Hat Ribbon,Custom Ribbon,the leading ribbons marketplace from china.
Well, In case you're interested in knowing more info on ribbons, stop by https://ymribbon.com.